Percutaneous treatment of patients with heart diseases: selection, guidance and follow-up. A review
Department of Clinical Medicine, Cardiovascular and Immunological Sciences, University Federico II, Naples, Italy
Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2012, 10:16 doi:10.1186/1476-7120-10-16Published: 27 March 2012
Aortic stenosis and mitral regurgitation, patent foramen ovale, interatrial septal defect, atrial fibrillation and perivalvular leak, are now amenable to percutaneous treatment. These percutaneous procedures require the use of Transthoracic (TTE), Transesophageal (TEE) and/or Intracardiac echocardiography (ICE). This paper provides an overview of the different percutaneous interventions, trying to provide a systematic and comprehensive approach for selection, guidance and follow-up of patients undergoing these procedures, illustrating the key role of 2D echocardiography.