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About Cardiovascular Ultrasound

This page includes information about the aims and scope of Cardiovascular Ultrasound, editorial policies, open access and article-processing charges, the peer review process and other information. For details of how to prepare and submit a manuscript through the online submission system, please see the instructions for authors.

Aims & scope

Cardiovascular Ultrasound is an online journal, recommended by the Institute of Clinical Physiology of the Italian National Research Council. The journal provides a platform for the most current, clinically and biologically relevant research in the field of ultrasound of the heart and vessels. As an online and open-access journal, Cardiovascular Ultrasound serves as a dynamic, current and widely available resource for the community.

Cardiovascular Ultrasound is an online journal, publishing peer-reviewed: original research; authoritative reviews; case reports on challenging and/or unusual diagnostic aspects; and expert opinions on new techniques and technologies. We are particularly interested in articles that include relevant images or video files, which provide an additional dimension to published articles and enhance understanding.

As an open-access journal, Cardiovascular Ultrasound ensures high visibility for authors in addition to providing an up-to-date and freely available resource for the community. The journal welcomes discussion, and provides a forum for publishing opinion and debate ranging from biology to engineering to clinical echocardiography, with both speed and versatility.

Open access

All articles published by Cardiovascular Ultrasound are made freely and permanently accessible online immediately upon publication, without subscription charges or registration barriers. Further information about open access can be found here.

Authors of articles published in Cardiovascular Ultrasound are the copyright holders of their articles and have granted to any third party, in advance and in perpetuity, the right to use, reproduce or disseminate the article, according to the BioMed Central copyright and license agreement.

For authors who are US government employees or are prevented from being copyright holders for similar reasons, BioMed Central can accommodate non-standard copyright lines. Please contact us if further information is needed.

Article-processing charges

Open access publishing is not without costs. Cardiovascular Ultrasound therefore levies an article-processing charge of £1370/$2145/€1745 for each article accepted for publication. If the corresponding author's institution is a Member, the cost of the article-processing charge is covered by the membership, and no further charge is payable. In the case of authors whose institutions are Supporter Members, however, a discounted article-processing charge is payable by the author. We routinely waive charges for authors from low-income countries. For other countries, article-processing charge waivers or discounts are granted on a case-by-case basis to authors with insufficient funds. Authors can request a waiver or discount during the submission process. For further details, see our article-processing charge page.

Indexing services

All articles published in Cardiovascular Ultrasound are included in PubMed, the most widely used biomedical bibliographic database service, which is run by the US National Library of Medicine. Other bibliographic databases that index articles published in Cardiovascular Ultrasound include:

  • Citebase
  • Current contents
  • DOAJ
  • Embase
  • EmCare
  • Google Scholar
  • Medscape
  • OAIster
  • PubMed
  • PubMed Central
  • Science Citation Index Expanded
  • SCImago
  • Scopus
  • Zetoc

The full text of all research articles is deposited in PubMed Central, the US National Library of Medicine's full-text repository of life science literature, and other digital archives including e-Depot (The Netherlands).

The full text of all research articles published by BioMed Central is also available on SpringerLink.

Cardiovascular Ultrasound is tracked by Thomson Reuters (ISI) and has an Impact Factor of 1.34.

Publication and peer review process

Criteria for publication

Cardiovascular Ultrasound considers the following types of submission:

Research articles: reports of data from original research. These articles will form the major content of the journal.

Case reports: reports of clinical data that can be educational, describe a diagnostic or therapeutic dilemma, suggest an association, or present an important adverse reaction.

How I do it articles: present a new experimental method, test or procedure. The method described may either be completely new, or may offer a better version or unique management of an existing method, or challenging problem, medical or diagnostic. They are commissioned by the journal.

Hypotheses: short articles presenting an untested original hypothesis within the scope of the journal. The hypothesis should be backed solely by previously published results rather than any new evidence.

Reviews: comprehensive, authoritative, state of the art descriptions of a method or technique within the scope of the journal.

Technical notes: these articles present a new experimental method, test or procedure. The method described may be completely new or a better version of an existing method.

Peer-review policies

Cardiovascular Ultrasound reviews all submitted manuscripts. About 10 % of manuscripts are rejected after in-house review; the usual reasons for rejection at this stage are insufficient originality or serious scientific flaws. We aim to reach a decision on such papers within 3 days. The remaining manuscripts are sent to two external reviewers. Reviewers advise the Editor, who is responsible for the final decision to accept or reject the manuscript.

Edited by Eugenio Picano, Cardiovascular Ultrasound is supported by an expert Editorial Board.

Cardiovascular Ultrasound operates using an open peer review system, where the reviewers' names are included on the peer review reports. In addition, if the article is published, the named reports are published online alongside the article as part of a 'pre-publication history'. All previous versions of the manuscript, and all author responses to the reviewers are also available to readers.

Authors will be able to check the progress of their manuscript through the submission system at any time by logging into My Cardiovascular Ultrasound, a personalized section of the site.


High-quality, bound reprints can be purchased for all articles published. Please see our reprints website for further information about ordering reprints.


Cardiovascular Ultrasound will consider supplements based on proceedings (full articles or meeting abstracts), reviews or research. All articles submitted for publication in supplements are subject to peer review. Published supplements are fully searchable and freely accessible online and can also be produced in print. All full length articles (proceedings, reviews or research articles) are indexed by PubMed. PubMed displays the title of the supplement only in the case of meeting abstract collections. For further information, please contact us.

Editorial policies

All manuscripts submitted to Cardiovascular Ultrasound should adhere to BioMed Central's editorial policies.

Citing articles in Cardiovascular Ultrasound

Articles in Cardiovascular Ultrasound should be cited in the same way as articles in a traditional journal. Because articles are not printed, they do not have page numbers; instead, they are given a unique article number.

Article citations follow this format:

Authors: Title. Cardiovasc Ultrasound [year], [volume number]:[article number].

e.g. Roberts LD, Hassall DG, Winegar DA, Haselden JN, Nicholls AW, Griffin JL: Increased hepatic oxidative metabolism distinguishes the action of Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor delta from Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor gamma in the Ob/Ob mouse. Cardiovasc Ultrasound 2009, 1:115.

refers to article 115 from Volume 1 of the journal.

Why publish your article in Cardiovascular Ultrasound?

High visibility

Cardiovascular Ultrasound's open access policy allows maximum visibility of articles published in the journal as they are available to a wide, global audience. Articles that have been especially highly accessed are highlighted with a 'Highly accessed' graphic, which appears on the journal's contents pages and search results.

Speed of publication

Cardiovascular Ultrasound offers a fast publication schedule whilst maintaining rigorous peer review; all articles must be submitted online, and peer review is managed fully electronically (articles are distributed in PDF form, which is automatically generated from the submitted files). Articles will be published with their final citation after acceptance, in both fully browsable web form, and as a formatted PDF; the article will then be available through Cardiovascular Ultrasound, BioMed Central and PubMed Central and will also be included in PubMed.


Online publication in Cardiovascular Ultrasound gives authors the opportunity to publish large datasets, large numbers of color illustrations and moving pictures, to display data in a form that can be read directly by other software packages so as to allow readers to manipulate the data for themselves, and to create all relevant links (for example, to PubMed, to sequence and other databases, and to other articles).

Promotion and press coverage

Articles published in Cardiovascular Ultrasound are included in article alerts and regular email updates. Some may be included in abstract books mailed to academics and are highlighted on Cardiovascular Ultrasound's pages and on the BioMed Central homepage.

In addition, articles published in Cardiovascular Ultrasound may be promoted by press releases to the general or scientific press. These activities increase the exposure and number of accesses for articles published in Cardiovascular Ultrasound. A list of articles recently press-released by journals published by BioMed Central is available here.

Authors of articles published in Cardiovascular Ultrasound retain the copyright of their articles and are free to reproduce and disseminate their work (for further details, see the BioMed Central copyright policy and license agreement).

For further information about the advantages of publishing in a journal from BioMed Central, please click here.