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Fusion beat in patients with heart failure treated with left ventricular pacing: may ECG morphology relate to mechanical synchrony? A pilot study

Lorella Gianfranchi15*, Katia Bettiol1, Biagio Sassone2, Roberto Verlato3, Giorgio Corbucci4 and Paolo Alboni1

Author Affiliations

1 Division of Cardiology, Ospedale di Cento (Fe), via Vicini 2, Cento, Italy

2 Ospedale Bentivoglio, Via G. Marconi 35, 40010 Bentivoglio(Bo), Italy

3 Ospedale Camposampiero, Via P. Cosma 1, 35012 Camposampiero (Pd), Italy

4 Vitatron Medical Italia, Milano, Italy

5 Responsible of EP laboratory, Division of Cardiology, Ospedale di Cento (Fe), via Vicini 2, 44042, Cento, Italy

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Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008, 6:1  doi:10.1186/1476-7120-6-1

Published: 1 January 2008



Electrical fusion between left ventricular pacing and spontaneous right ventricular activation is considered the key to resynchronisation in sinus rhythm patients treated with single-site left ventricular pacing.


Use of QRS morphology to optimize device programming in patients with heart failure (HF), sinus rhythm (SR), left bundle branch block (LBBB), treated with single-site left ventricular pacing.

Methods and Results

We defined the "fusion band" (FB) as the range of AV intervals within which surface ECG showed an intermediate morphology between the native LBBB and the fully paced right bundle branch block patterns.

Twenty-four patients were enrolled. Echo-derived parameters were collected in the FB and compared with the basal LBBB condition. Velocity time integral and ejection time did not improve significantly. Diastolic filling time, ejection fraction and myocardial performance index showed a statistically significant improvement in the FB. Interventricular delay and mitral regurgitation progressively and significantly decreased as AV delay shortened in the FB. The tissue Doppler asynchrony index (Ts-SD-12-ejection) showed a non significant decreasing trend in the FB. The indications provided by the tested parameters were mostly concordant in that part of the FB corresponding to the shortest AV intervals.


Using ECG criteria based on the FB may constitute an attractive option for a safe, simple and rapid optimization of resynchronization therapy in patients with HF, SR and LBBB.